Vedic Mathematics is the name given to the ancient system of Mathematics which was rediscovered from the Vedas between 1911 and 1918 by Sri Bharati Krsna Tirthaji (1884-1960). According to his research all of mathematics is based on sixteen Sutras or word-formulae. For example, ‘Vertically and Crosswise` is one of these Sutras. These formulae describe the way the mind naturally works and are therefore a great help in directing the student to the appropriate method of solution

Vedic Math essentially rests on the 16 Sutras or mathematical formulas as referred to in the Vedas. Sri Sathya Sai Veda Pratishtan has compiled these 16 Sutras and 13 sub-Sutras.

1.Ekadhikina Purvena (Corollary: Anurupyena)

Meaning: By one more than the previous one

2.Nikhilam Navatashcaramam Dashatah (Corollary: Sisyate Sesasamjnah)

Meaning: All from 9 and the last from 10

3.Urdhva-Tiryagbyham (Corollary: Adyamadyenantyamantyena)

Meaning: Vertically and crosswise

4.Paraavartya Yojayet (Corollary: Kevalaih Saptakam Gunyat)

Meaning: Transpose and adjust

5.Shunyam Saamyasamuccaye (Corollary: Vestanam)

Meaning: When the sum is the same that sum is zero

6.(Anurupye) Shunyamanyat (Corollary: Yavadunam Tavadunam)

Meaning: If one is in ratio, the other is zero

7.Sankalana-vyavakalanabhyam (Corollary: Yavadunam Tavadunikritya Varga Yojayet)

Meaning: By addition and by subtraction

8.Puranapuranabyham (Corollary: Antyayordashake’pi)

Meaning: By the completion or non-completion

9.Chalana-Kalanabyham (Corollary: Antyayoreva)

Meaning: Differences and Similarities

10.Yaavadunam (Corollary: Samuccayagunitah)

Meaning: Whatever the extent of its deficiency

11.Vyashtisamanstih (Corollary: Lopanasthapanabhyam)

Meaning: Part and Whole

12.Shesanyankena Charamena (Corollary: Vilokanam)

Meaning: The remainders by the last digit

13.Sopaantyadvayamantyam (Corollary: Gunitasamuccayah Samuccayagunitah)

Meaning: The ultimate and twice the penultimate

14.Ekanyunena Purvena (Corollary: Dhvajanka)

Meaning: By one less than the previous one

15.Gunitasamuchyah (Corollary: Dwandwa Yoga)

Meaning: The product of the sum is equal to the sum of the product

16.Gunakasamuchyah (Corollary: Adyam Antyam Madhyam)

Meaning: The factors of the sum is equal to the sum of the factors

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